ABC Dictionary - Architecture, Building, Construction

Japanese - English - Japanese

Japanese (Kanji)
Japanese (Romaji)
English
アーバン āban

urban

亜鉛メッキ鋼 aenmekki-kō

galvanised steel

安全衛生 anzen eisei

health and safety

アルミ積層複合パネル arumi sekisō fukugō paneru

laminated aluminium composite panel

足場 ashiba

 scaffolding

美術館 bijutsukan art gallery, art museum
防煙垂壁 bōen tarekabe smoke baffle, smoke curtain
防火設備 bōka setsubi fire protection equipment
文化施設 bunka shisetsu cultural facility
病院 byōin hospital
知事 chiji authority
地上 chijō above ground
地下 chika basement, cellar, underground
地下街 chikagai subterranean / underground passage
地階 chikai basement
地域 chi'iki area, region
厨房 chūbō kitchen, galley
大学 daigaku university
段鼻 danbana stair nosing, nose
段板

dan'ita

(stair) tread
断面 danmen section
断面図 danmenzu section drawing, section view
段差 dansa (stair) step
脱衣室 datsui-shitsu

changing, dressing, locker room

電解着色 denkai chakushoku electrolytic colouring (of anodized aluminium)
ドア doa door (Western-style)
道路 dōro road, highway
縁側 engawa

(Japanese type) veranda, porch,

open corridor

風除室

fūjo-shitsu

vestibule, ante-chamber (airlock passageway)

技術的基準 gijutsu-teki kijun

technical standard

合板 gōhan plywood
合成樹脂調合ペイント(SOP) gōsei jushi chōgō peinto (SOP) synthetic-resin oil-based paint
幅木 habagi skirting
配置図 haichi-zu layout drawing, site plan drawing
排煙設備 haien setsubi smoke extraction equipment
配管 haikan plumbing, piping
排水溝 haisuimizo drainage; ditch
博物館 hakubutsukan museum
hashira pillar
平面図 heimenzu plan drawing
部屋 heya room
広場 hiroba plaza
歩行者 hokōsha pedestrian
掘込み引手 horikomi hikite (door, hardware) flush pull
一工程の施工 ichi kōtei no sekō the Works (as specified in a contract)
地盤改良 jiban kairyō ground improvement
直天井 jikatenjō exposed ceiling
地熱 jinetsu geothermal
地熱利用 jinetsu riyō geothermal utilization
神社 jinja Shinto shrine
人孔 jinkō manhole
実施設計 jisshi sekkei detailed, final design
上端(=天端、ant:下端 jōtan top (ant: bottom) edge/surface
準耐火 juntaika quasi fireproof
準都市計画区域 juntoshi keikaku kuiki quasi city planning area
住居地域 jūkyo chi'iki residential area
住宅 jūtaku residence, housing, residential building
kabe wall
壁掛け式 kabekakeshiki wall-mounted
角敷地 kado-shikichi corner site
階段 kaidan stairs, stairway, staircase
開口部 kaikō-bu opening (e.g. window, door)
階数 kaisū

number of stairs or

stories AE / storeys BE

紙巻器 kamimaki-ki

toilet roll holder

完了 kanryō

completion

完成 kansei

completion

下端 katan, shitaba

bottom edge/surface

蹴上げ keage

(stair) rise height, rise

蹴込み kekomi

(stair) nosing protrusion

蹴込み、蹴込み板 kekomi, kekomi'ita

(stair) riser

建築 kenchiku architecture
建築家 kenchikuka

architect

建築面積 kenchiku menseki building area
建築制限 kenchiku seigen building restriction
研究施設 kenkyū shisetsu research facility
建設 kensetsu construction
化粧漆喰、漆喰 keshō shikkui, shikkui stucco, plaster
基本設計 kihon sekkei basic, preliminary design
起工式 kikōshiki groundbreaking ceremony
気密 kimitsu air tight
樹種 kishu tree species
勾配 kōbai gradient; slope
工学 kōgaku engineering
工学者 kōgakusha engineer
更衣室 kōi-shitsu

changing, dressing, locker room

工事 kōji construction work
高速道路 kōsokudōro highway
構造 kōzō structure, construction
構造設計 kōzō sekkei structural design
橋梁検査 kyōryō kensa bridge inspection
machi town
mado window
窓台 madodai window sill
間仕切り majikiri partition (wall), partitioning
間仕切り壁 majikiri kabe partition wall
回り縁 mawaribuchi crown molding (ceiling)
面積 menseki area
目地 meji joint
道、途、路 michi road, street, way, path
木材類 mokuzai-rui wood species
延床面積 nobeyuka menseki total floor area
軒樋 nokidoi rainwater gutter
屋上 okujō roof, rooftop
パース pāsu (drawing) perspective
生産設計図 seisan sekkeizu shop drawing
設計変更 sekkei henkō design change
設計変更指示書 sekkei henkō shiji-sho design change instruction
設計者 sekkeisha designer
石膏ボード sekkō-bōdo drywall, gypsum board, plasterboard
設備 setsubi equipment
遮音 shaon sound insulation
shi city
敷地 shikichi site
敷地面積 shikichi menseki site area
敷地図 shikichi-zu site plan
漆喰, 化粧漆喰 shikkui, keshō shikkui stucco, plaster
施設 shisetsu facility
下端 shitaba, katan bottom edge/surface
生涯学習センター shōgai gakushū sentā lifelong learning center AE/ centre BE
障子 shōji paper sliding door
消火器 shōkaki fire extinguisher
消火設備 shōka setsubi fire extinguishing equipment
詳細 shōsai detail
所在地 shozaichi location
竣工 shunkō completion (e.g. of construction)
竣工年 shunkō-nen year of completion
竣工図 shunkō-zu as built drawing
集成材 shūseizai laminated wood, engineered wood
SOP(合成樹脂調合ペイント) SOP (gōsei jushi chōgō peinto) synthetic-resin oil-based paint
水道 suidō water service, water supply
寸法 sunpō dimension
耐火 taika fireproof
建物 tatemono building
建物用途 tatemono yōto building use
縦樋 tatetoi rainwater downpipe
天端 tenba top surface; crest, crown
展開図 tenkai-zu interior, wall elevation drawing
点検口 tenken-guchi inspection opening
tera temple (Buddhist)
手摺 tesuri handrail
tobira door
都会 tokai city
特徴 tokuchō feature
特に指定のない場合 tokuni shitei no nai ba'ai unless otherwise specified
取出口 toride-guchi outlet (e.g. for piping)
踏面 tōmen (stair) tread depth, going

通り芯、通芯

tōrishin axis (grid)
都市 toshi town, city, municipal, urban
都市化

toshika

urbanization AE/ urbanisation BE
都市計画区域

toshi keikaku kuiki

city planning area
艶消し色

tsuyakeshi-iro

matte color AE/colour BE

waku

(door) frame
WC(身障者用)

wc (shinshōsha-yō)

WC (for disabled)
屋根 yane roof
浴室 yoku-shitsu bathroom, bath
洋風 yōfuu western style
yuka floor
床見切り yuka mikiri (flooring) transition profile
湯沸室 yuwakashi-shitsu kitchenette, small kitchen
材料 zairyō material
English Japanese (Kanji) Japanese (Romaji)
above ground 地上 chijō
air tight 気密 kimitsu

ante-chamber (airlock passageway), vestibule

風除室

fūjo-shitsu

architect 建築家 kenchikuka
architecture 建築 kenchiku
area 面積 menseki
area, region 地域 chi'iki
art gallery, art museum 美術館 bijutsukan
as built drawing 竣工図 shunkō-zu
authority 知事 chiji
axis (grid)

通り芯、通芯

tōrishin
basement

地階

chikai
basement, cellar, underground 地下 chika
basic, preliminary design 基本設計 kihon sekkei
bathroom, bath 浴室 yoku-shitsu
bottom edge/surface 下端 katan, shitaba
bridge inspection 橋梁検査 kyōryō kensa
building 建物 tatemono
building area 建築面積 kenchiku menseki
building restriction 建築制限 kenchiku seigen
building use 建物用途 tatemono yōto
ceiling, exposed 直天井 jikatenjō
changing, dressing, locker room 脱衣室、更衣室

datsui-shitsu, kōi-shitsu

city 都市、市、都会 toshi, shi, tokai
city planning area 都市計画区域 toshi keikaku kuiki
completion 完了、完成 kanryō, kansei
completion (e.g. of construction) 竣工 shunkō
construction 建設 kensetsu
construction, structure 構造 kōzō
construction work 工事 kōji
corner site 角敷地 kado-shikichi
crest, crown; top surface 天端 tenba
crown molding (ceiling) 回り縁 mawaribuchi
cultural facility 文化施設 bunka shisetsu
design change 設計変更 sekkei henkō
design change instruction 設計変更指示書 sekkei henkō shiji-sho
designer 設計者 sekkeisha
detail 詳細 shōsai
detailed, final design 実施設計 jisshi sekkei
dimension 寸法 sunpō
ditch; drainage 排水溝 haisuimizo
door tobira
door (Western-style) ドア doa
(door) frame waku
(door, hardware) flush pull 掘込み引手 horikomi hikite
downpipe (rainwater) 縦樋 tatetoi
drainage; ditch 排水溝 haisuimizo
(drawing) interior, wall elevation 展開図 tenkai-zu
(drawing) layout, site plan 配置図 haichi-zu
(drawing) perspective パース pāsu
(drawing) site plan 敷地図 shikichi-zu
dressing, changing, locker room 脱衣室、更衣室

datsui-shitsu, kōi-shitsu

drywall, gypsum board, plasterboard 石膏ボード

sekkō-boodo

electrolytic colouring (of anodized aluminium) 電解着色 denkai chakushoku
elevation: interior, wall 展開図 tenkai-zu
engineer 工学者 kōgakusha
engineered wood, laminated wood 集成材 shūseizai
engineering 工学 kōgaku
equipment 設備 setsubi
exposed ceiling 直天井 jikatenjō
facility 施設 shisetsu
feature 特徴 tokuchō
final, detailed design 実施設計 jisshi sekkei
fire extinguisher 消火器 shōkaki
fire extinguishing equipment 消火設備 shōka setsubi
fire protection equipment 防火設備 bōka setsubi
fireproof 耐火 taika
floor yuka
(flooring) transition profile 床見切り yuka mikiri
galvanised steel 亜鉛メッキ鋼 aenmekki-kō
geothermal 地熱 jinetsu
geothermal utilization 地熱利用 jinetsu riyō
gradient; slope 勾配 kōbai
groundbreaking ceremony 起工式 kikōshiki
ground improvement 地盤改良 jiban kairyō
gutter 軒樋 nokidoi
gypsum board, drywall, plasterboard 石膏ボード sekkō-bōdo
handrail 手摺 tesuri
health and safety 安全衛生 anzen eisei
highway 道路、高速道路 dōro, kōsokudōro
hospital 病院 byōin
housing 住宅 jūtaku
inspection opening 点検口 tenken-guchi
interior, wall elevation drawing 展開図 tenkai-zu
joint 目地 meji
kitchen, galley 厨房 chūbō
kitchenette, small kitchen 湯沸室 yuwakashi-shitsu
laminated aluminium composite panel アルミ積層複合パネル arumi sekisō fukugō paneru
laminated wood, engineered wood 集成材 shūseizai
layout drawing, site plan drawing 配置図 haichi-zu
lifelong learning center AE/ centre BE 生涯学習センター shōgai gakushū sentā
location 所在地 shozaichi
locker, dressing, changing room

脱衣室、更衣室

datsui-shitsu, kōi-shitsu

manhole

人孔

jinkō

material

材料

zairyō

matte color AE/colour BE

艶消し色

tsuyakeshi-iro

municipal 都市 toshi
museum 博物館 hakubutsukan

number of stairs or

stories AE / storeys BE

階数 kaisū

opening (e.g. window, door)

開口部 kaikō-bu

outlet (e.g. for piping)

取出口 toride-guchi
(paint) SOP (synthetic-resin oil-based paint) SOP (合成樹脂調合ペイント) SOP (gōsei jushi chōgō peinto)
paper sliding door 障子 shōji
partition (wall), partitioning 間仕切り majikiri
partition wall 間仕切り壁 majikiri kabe
pedestrian 歩行者 hokōsha
perspective drawing パース pāsu
pillar hashira
piping, plumbing 配管 haikan
plan drawing 平面図 heimenzu
plaster, stucco 漆喰、化粧漆喰 shikkui, keshō shikkui
plasterboard, drywall, gypsum board 石膏ボード sekkō-bōdo
plaza 広場 hiroba
preliminary, basic design 基本設計 kihon sekkei
plumbing, piping 配管 haikan
plywood 合板 gōhan
quasi city planning area 準都市計画区域 juntoshi keikaku kuiki
quasi fireproof 準耐火 juntaika
rainwater downpipe 縦樋 tatetoi
rainwater gutter 軒樋 nokidoi
region, area 地域 chi'iki
research facility 研究施設 kenkyū shisetsu
residence, residential building 住宅 jūtaku
residential area 住居地域 jūkyo chi'iki
road, street 道、途、路 michi
road, highway 道路 dōro
roof 屋根 yane
roof, rooftop 屋上 okujō
room 部屋 heya
subterranean / underground passage 地下街 chikagai
scaffolding 足場 ashiba
section 断面 danmen
section drawing, section view 断面図 danmenzu
Shinto shrine 神社 jinja
shop drawing 生産設計図 seisan sekkeizu
site 敷地 shikichi
site area 敷地面積 shikichi menseki
site plan 敷地図 shikichi-zu
site plan, layout drawing 配置図 haichi-zu
skirting 幅木 habagi
slope; gradient 勾配 kōbai
smoke baffle, smoke curtain 防煙垂壁 bōen tarekabe
smoke extraction equipment 排煙設備 haien setsubi
sound insulation 遮音 shaon
stairs, stairway, staircase 階段 kaidan
(stair) nosing, nose 段鼻 danbana
(stair) nosing protrusion 蹴込み kekomi
(stair) rise height, rise 蹴上げ keage
(stair) riser 蹴込み、蹴込み板 kekomi, kekomi'ita
(stair) step 段差 dansa
(stair) tread 段板 dan'ita
(stair) tread depth, going 踏面 tōmen
stucco, plaster 漆喰、化粧漆喰 shikkui, keshō shikkui
street 道、途、路 michi
structural design 構造設計 kōzō sekkei
structure, construction 構造 kōzō
technical standard 技術的基準 gijutsu-teki kijun
temple (Buddhist) tera
toilet roll holder 紙巻器 kamimaki-ki
top edge/surface 上端(=天端、ant:下端) jōtan
top surface; crest, crown 天端 tenba
total floor area 延床面積 nobeyuka menseki
town 都市、町 toshi, machi
tree species 樹種 kishu
underground, basement, cellar 地下 chika
underground / subterranean passage 地下街 chikagai
university 大学 daigaku
unless otherwise specified 特に指定のない場合 tokuni shitei no nai ba'ai
urban 都市、アーバン

toshi, āban

urbanization AE/ urbanisation BE 都市化 toshika

(Japanese type) veranda, porch,

open corridor

縁側 engawa

vestibule, ante-chamber (airlock passageway)

風除室

fūjo-shitsu

wall kabe
wall, interior elevation drawing 展開図 tenkai-zu
wall-mounted 壁掛け式 kabekakeshiki
[wall] partition wall 間仕切り壁 majikiri kabe
water service, water supply 水道 suidō
WC (for disabled) WC(身障者用) wc (shinshōsha-yō)
western style 洋風 yōfū
window mado
window sill 窓台 madodai
wood species 木材類 mokuzai-rui
the Works (as specified in a contract) 一工程の施工 ichi kōtei no sekō
year of completion 竣工年 shunkō-nen